Find out what happens when you have radiotherapy for advanced stomach cancer.
Radiotherapy uses high energy x-rays to treat cancer cells.
Radiotherapy can shrink the cancer, relieve symptoms and help you feel more comfortable.
- shrink the tumour if it’s causing a blockage
- control your pain
- stop or reduce bleeding from your stomach
You have external radiotherapy in the hospital radiotherapy department, usually as an outpatient.
You might have one treatment a day for a few days, or you may have a few treatments with a few days break between each
Some hospitals have rooms nearby that you can stay in if you have a long way to travel.
You go to the radiotherapy department from your ward if you’re already in hospital.
The radiotherapy room
Radiotherapy machines are very big. They rotate around you to give you your treatment. The machine doesn't touch you at any point.
Before you start your course of treatment your radiographers explain what you will see and hear. In some departments the treatment rooms have docks for you to plug in your music player. So you can listen to your own music.
Before your treatment
Your radiographers help you get into position on the treatment couch.
They line up the radiotherapy machine, using marks on your skin.
You might need to raise your arms above your head.
Then they leave you alone in the room for a few minutes.
During the treatment
You need to lie very still on your back. Your radiographers might take images (x-rays or scans) before your treatment to make sure that you're in the right position. The machine makes whirring and beeping sounds. You won’t feel anything when you have the treatment.
Your radiographers can see and hear you on a CCTV screen in the next room. They can talk to you over an intercom and might ask you to hold your breath or take shallow breaths at times. You can also talk to them through the intercom and tell them if you need to stop or if you're uncomfortable.
You won't be radioactive
This type of radiotherapy won't make you radioactive. It's safe to be around other people, including pregnant women and children.
Travelling to radiotherapy appointments
Tell the radiotherapy department if you prefer treatment at a particular time of day. They can try to arrange this.
Car parking can be difficult at hospitals. It’s worth asking the radiotherapy unit staff:
- if they can give you a hospital parking permit
- about discounted parking rates
- where you can get help with travel fares
- for tips on free places to park nearby
If you have no other way to get to the hospital, the radiotherapy staff might be able to arrange hospital transport for you. But it might not always be at convenient times. To see if you're eligible they usually work it out based on your earnings or income.
Some hospitals have their own drivers or can arrange ambulances. Some charities offer hospital transport.
Radiotherapy to the stomach can make you tired. You might also have sickness (vomiting) or diarrhoea, which can make it difficult to eat.