What is kidney cancer?

Kidney cancer develops when abnormal cells in either of the kidneys start to divide and grow in an uncontrolled way.

Symptoms of kidney cancer

Most people who are diagnosed with kidney cancer do not have any symptoms. When someone does have symptoms, these might include blood in the urine or a lump in the kidney area.

Stages, types and grades

The stage, type and grade of your cancer help your doctor decide which treatment you need. See what they mean and how they are decided.

Risks and causes

Anything that can increase your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor. 


There are survival statistics based on large groups of people with kidney cancer. Find out more. 

Kidney cancer diagnosis

What to expect when you see a GP, when you might see a specialist and the tests you may have.


Treatments for kidney cancer include surgery, cryotherapy, radiofrequency treatment and radiotherapy.

Advanced kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is called advanced if it has spread to another part of the body. See how it may affect your life and what treatments and support are available. 

Living with kidney cancer

A lot of practical and emotional support is available if you have kidney cancer.

Research and clinical trials

Read about the latest research into kidney cancer and how you can take part in a clinical trial.

Last reviewed: 
24 Feb 2020
Next review due: 
24 Feb 2023