Tivozanib is a targeted drug and is also known by its brand name, Fotivda. It is a treatment for people with a type of kidney cancer called renal cell cancer. It is for poeple with advanced cancer.
How tivozanib works
Tivozanib is a t
How you have tivozanib
Tivozanib is a capsule. Your doctor tells you how many to take and how often.
You should take the right dose, not more or less.
Talk to your specialist or advice line before you stop taking a cancer drug.
When you have tivozanib
You take tivozanib once a day for 3 weeks and then have a week of not taking it. This is for your body to recover. This 4 week period is a
You continue having tivozanib as long as it is working and the side effects aren't too bad.
You have blood tests before and during your treatment. They check your levels of blood cells and other substances in the blood. They also check how well your liver and kidneys are working.
How often and how severe the side effects are can vary from person to person. They also depend on what other treatment you are having. For example, your side effects could be worse if you are also having other drugs or radiotherapy.
When to contact your team
Your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist will go through the possible side effects. They will monitor you closely during treatment and check how you are at your appointments. Contact your advice line as soon as possible if:
- you have severe side effects
- your side effects aren’t getting any better
- your side effects are getting worse
We haven't listed all the side effects here. Remember it is very unlikely that you will have all of these side effects, but you might have some of them at the same time.
Common side effects
These side effects happen in more than 10 in 100 people (more than 10%). You might have one or more of them. They include:
Loss of appetite and weight loss
You might not feel like eating and may lose weight. It is important to eat as much as you can. Eating several small meals and snacks throughout the day can be easier to manage. You can talk to a dietitian if you are concerned about your appetite or weight loss.
Tell your doctor or nurse if you keep getting headaches. They can give you painkillers to help.
High blood pressure (hypertension)
Tell your doctor or nurse if you have headaches, nosebleeds, blurred or double vision or shortness of breath. Your nurse will check your blood pressure regularly.
Less often you might have high blood pressure that could be ongoing and severe.
Shortness of breath and cough
You might have shortness of breath and a cough. Contact your advice line or tell a member of your healthcare team if you do.
Your voice could become hoarse or weak.
Feeling or being sick
Feeling or being sick is usually well controlled with anti sickness medicines. Avoiding fatty or fried foods, eating small meals and snacks, drinking plenty of water, and relaxation techniques can all help.
It is important to take anti sickness medicines as prescribed even if you don’t feel sick. It is easier to prevent sickness rather than treating it once it has started.
Tummy (abdominal) pain
Tell your treatment team if you have this. They can check the cause and give you medicine to help.
Diarrhoea or constipation
Tell your doctor or nurse if you have diarrhoea or constipation. They can give you medicine to help.
Sore, dry mouth
Mouth sores and ulcers can be painful. It helps to keep your mouth and teeth clean, drink plenty of fluids, avoid acidic foods such as oranges, lemons and grapefruits, and chew gum to keep the mouth moist. Tell your doctor or nurse if you have ulcers.
A dry mouth is also called xerostomia (pronounced zero-stow-mee-a). Talk to your nurse or doctor if you have this. They can give you artificial saliva to help with a dry mouth. It can also help to drink plenty of fluids.
Sore, red hands and feet (hand foot syndrome)
The skin on your hands and feet may become sore, red, or may peel. You may also have tingling, numbness, pain and dryness. This is called hand-foot syndrome or palmar plantar syndrome.
Moisturise your skin regularly. Your doctor or nurse will tell you what moisturiser to use.
This can include pain in the:
Tiredness and lack of energy (fatigue)
You might feel very tired and as though you lack energy.
Various things can help you to reduce tiredness and cope with it, for example exercise. Some research has shown that taking gentle exercise can give you more energy. It is important to balance exercise with resting.
Occasional side effects
These side effects happen in between 1 and 10 out of every 100 people (between 1 and10%). You might have one or more of them. They include:
- a drop in red blood cells (anaemia) causing tiredness and shortness of breath
- a decrease in the amount of hormones the thyroid gland makes (hypothyroidism) causing weight gain, tiredness and lack of energy
- unable to get to sleep or stay asleep (insomnia)
- changes to the sensations in the hands and feet including tingling, numbness and pain
- a sensation of the surroundings spinning or moving (vertigo)
- changes to taste including loss of taste
- changes to eyesight (vision) including blurred vision and reduced vision
- sensation of the surroundings spinning or moving (vertigo)
- ear problems such as ringing in the ears (tinnitus) or blocked ears
- heart problems such as heart attack, chest pain (angina) and a fast heartbeat (tachycardia)
- blood clots that can be life threatening; signs are pain, redness and swelling where the clot is. Feeling breathless can be a sign of a blood clot in the lung. Contact your advice line or doctor straight away if you have any of these symptoms
- nose problems such as a runny nose, blocked nose or nosebleed
- inflammation of the pancreas causing severe stomach pain which may spread to your back
- difficulty swallowing
- indigestion, acid reflux and wind (flatulence)
- changes to blood test results
- skin problems such as a rash, acne, itching, dryness, reddening and peeling
- hair loss
- protein in the urine
- chills and feeling cold
- high temperature
- swelling of the arms, hands, legs and feet
Rare side effects
These side effects happen in fewer than 1 in 100 people (less than 1%). You might have one or more of them. They include:
- a rash with pus due to a fungal infection
- a decrease in the number of platelets causing an increased risk of bruising and bleeding
- an increase in the number of red blood cells
- an increase of the amount of hormones the thyroid gland makes causing weight loss, fast heartbeat and anxiety
- swelling in the neck caused by an enlarged thyroid gland (goitre)
- changes to memory including loss of memory
- watery eyes caused by an increase in the amount of tears
- heart failure symptoms include shortness of breath, swelling of the ankles or swelling in the lungs caused by a build up of fluid in the body
- stomach ulcer
Coping with side effects
We have more information about side effects and tips on how to cope with them.
What else should I need to know?
Other medicines, food and drink
Cancer drugs can interact with some other medicines and herbal products. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any medicines you are taking. This includes vitamins, herbal supplements and over the counter remedies.
You should not take the herbal preparation St John's Wort while you are taking tivozanib.
Loss of fertility
It is not known whether this treatment affects fertility in people. Talk to your doctor before starting treatment if you think you may want to have a baby in the future.
Contraception and pregnancy
This drug may harm a baby developing in the womb. It is important not to become pregnant or father a child while you are having treatment with this drug and for at least a month afterwards. Talk to your doctor or nurse about effective contraception before starting treatment.
It is not known whether this drug comes through into the breast milk. Doctors usually advise that you don’t breastfeed during this treatment.
Treatment for other conditions
Always tell other doctors, nurses, pharmacists or dentists that you’re having this treatment if you need treatment for anything else, including teeth problems.
Don’t have immunisations with live vaccines while you’re having treatment and for up to 12 months afterwards. The length of time depends on the treatment you are having. Ask your doctor or pharmacist how long you should avoid live vaccinations.
In the UK, live vaccines include rubella, mumps, measles, BCG, yellow fever and one of the shingles vaccines called Zostavax.
You can have:
- other vaccines, but they might not give you as much protection as usual
- the flu vaccine (as an injection)
- the coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine - talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the best time to have it in relation to your cancer treatment
Members of your household who are aged 5 years or over are also able to have the COVID-19 vaccine. This is to help lower your risk of getting COVID-19 while having cancer treatment and until your
Contact with others who have had immunisations - You can be in contact with other people who have had live vaccines as injections. Avoid close contact with people who have recently had live vaccines taken by mouth (oral vaccines) such as the oral typhoid vaccine.
If your immune system is severely weakened, you should avoid contact with children who have had the flu vaccine as a nasal spray as this is a live vaccine. This is for 2 weeks following their vaccination.
Babies have the live rotavirus vaccine. The virus is in the baby’s poo for about 2 weeks and could make you ill if your immunity is low. Get someone else to change their nappies during this time if you can. If this isn't possible, wash your hands well after changing their nappy.
More about this treatment
For further information about this treatment go to the electronic Medicines Compendium (eMC) website.
You can report any side effect you have to the Medicines Health and Regulatory Authority (MHRA) as part of their Yellow Card Scheme.