Preparing for treatment and life afterwards (prehabilitation)

There are things you can do to help you feel more in control of your physical and mental health when preparing for treatment. In the hospital, preparing for treatment is also called prehabilitation or prehab.


Surgery is one of the main treatments for many types of cancer. Find out about when and why you might have it and what to expect before and after your operation.


Chemotherapy is anti cancer drug treatment. Find out about when you might have it, how you have it and possible side effects.


Find out about cancer treatment with radiotherapy, including external radiotherapy, internal radiotherapy, side effects, radiotherapy for symptoms and follow up after treatment.

Cancer drugs

Find out about individual cancer drugs, cancer drug combinations, possible side effects and how to cope with them.

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy blocks or lowers the amount of hormones in the body to stop or slow down the growth of cancer.

Stem cell and bone marrow transplants

Bone marrow or stem cell transplant are treatments for some types of cancer. You have them with high dose chemotherapy and sometimes radiotherapy.

Targeted cancer drugs

Targeted cancer drugs work by ‘targeting’ those differences that help a cancer cell to survive and grow. 


Immunotherapy uses our immune system to fight cancer. It's a standard treatment for some types of cancer and is in trials for other types of cancer.

What is personalised medicine?

Personalised medicine involves using information about a person’s cancer to help diagnose, treat and find out about how well treatment is working.


Find out how bisphosphonates work and about possible side effects.

Other treatments

These are cancer treatments using medical technologies (interventional treatments) including laser treatment, photodynamic therapy and cryotherapy.

Complementary and alternative therapies

Learn what complementary and alternative therapies are, how they're used and what research there is.

Palliative treatment

Read about palliative treatment and how it can be used to relieve symptoms and improve your quality of life. 

Access to treatment

There are several decisions to be made about a cancer treatment before you can have it on the NHS.

Last reviewed: 
15 Jul 2021
Next review due: 
15 Jul 2024
Coronavirus and cancer

We know it’s a worrying time for people with cancer, we have information to help.

Read our information about coronavirus and cancer