Decorative image


The treatment you have for anal cancer depends on where in your anus the cancer is, how big it is and whether it has spread to anywhere else in your body. Your general health can also affect what treatment you have.  

A team of doctors and other professionals will discuss your treatment options with you. 

Treatment decisions

Your doctor considers a number of factors when deciding which treatment you need. Find out how they make the decision, the types of treatment you might have and treatment by stage.


You might have chemoradiotherapy if you have anal cancer. Read about how you have it and the possible side effects. 


You might have surgery for very early stage anal cancer. Or you might have it if your cancer comes back or hasn't gone completely after chemoradiotherapy.


Radiotherapy uses high energy x-rays to kill anal cancer cells.


Read about when, where and how you have chemotherapy for anal cancer, and the possible side effects.

Follow up

Find out about follow up appointments and tests after treatment for anal cancer.

Last reviewed: 
15 Apr 2019

Information and help